Jarrah trees are flowering now throughout Perth, the Hills and into the South-West as far south as Bremer Bay. These majestic trees can grow more than 400 years and cloak themselves in cream blossom every spring.
Last month Go Greener blogged about the GetUp’s campaign to convince ANZ to pull out of financing Gunns’ pulp mill in the Tamar Valley, north of Launceston, Tasmania. Gunns do most of the logging of old growth forests in Tasmania, but until recently I didn’t know that Gunns also logs in WA forests. Gunns’ three WA sawmills were previously owned by Bunnings – the hardware store who would like to take over the world. There was a boycott of Bunnings (Buy-Pass Bunnings) a few years ago over their logging of old growth forests. Campaigning against the current mill owners might prove problematic, Gunns likes SLAPPs (strategic lawsuits against public participation).
In 2001 the WA government ended clearing in old growth forests, but this only saved 331,373 hectares of the 2.5 million hectares of total forested land in WA. The way land was chosen to be set aside was secretive and in some cases, farcical. Jarrah/marri forests continue to be logged, and Gunns mills the timber. These forests are a mix of mature trees and regrowth and have been logged sometime in the past. This may have been more than a hundred years ago and these areas currently provide refuge for a diverse range of plants and animals, some of them endangered species.
Planting endemic species in your garden saves water, attracts wildlife and makes for a beautiful garden. Last week I went to a plant sale held by the Eastern Hills Branch of the Wildflower Society of Western Australia. I bought seedlings of three plants for my garden:
They’re all shrubs, and compared to eucalyptus they are small, but the hakea grows to 2-3m, so that at least will be pretty tall.
I bought these plants for my garden because I want to remove the acacia next to the front of my house. I hate seeing trees chopped down, but this is a South African acacia that was popular as a garden tree in the past. It has huge root systems that send up shoots and because we don’t have any giraffes, it’s become a weed in Western Australia. I’ve wanted to get rid of it for a while, but it will be difficult because of the roots and at present it shades an east facing window (of my badly positioned house). The tree makes the house cooler in summer and I’ve already planted a tuart (Eucalyptus gomphocephala) to the east of the acacia, which I’m hoping will shoot up and start to shade the house. The tuart is about three years old and only a metre high.
The tuart is very special to me because it’s self-sown, but also it reminds me of the house I used to live in. I rented the house on a large block in a nearby suburb. The original blocks in this suburb are now rapidly being subdivided, but this block had not been. At the back was a stand of tuarts and jarrah (Eucalyptus marginata), with smaller shrubs (and weeds) between them. The trees may have been original plants which were hundreds of years old. It was beautiful and the birds (and other animals I didn’t see) loved it. There were also about half a dozen Xanthorrhoea, some more than two metres high and they would have been original vegetation (hundreds of years old). There were also a number of xanthorrhoea that were very young – progeny of the older ones.
The tuart popped up next to a tomato plant I had in a pot. There were lots of tuarts, so I assumed that’s what it was, but there were also jarrahs. I re-potted the tuart and took it with me when I left. It was in a pot for a couple of years and at the start of this year I planted it in my current garden. Tuarts grow very tall and drop branches unexpectedly, but I’ll be long gone by then – hopefully the tuart will have a longer life than me. I’m also hoping the birds and other wildlife will love the tuart as it grows and the other endemic species I’m planting.
I left my previous house two and a half years ago and knew that at some stage the property would be subdivided and the vegetation cleared. Last year I drove past my old house and there was no house. At that stage the trees and xanthorrhoea at the back of the block were still standing, but I don’t know for how much longer. I hope Grasstrees Australia may remove the xanthorrhoea and sell them to people establishing gardens, but it’s likely the tuart and jarrah will be wood chipped. I was in the area last week, but I didn’t want to drive past in case the trees have been cleared. I want to remember them how they were, but memories won’t help the wildlife that lost their habitat.
The Kings Park Wildflower Festival, held in September every year, also sells endemic plants for Perth gardens.