Ockham’s razor is attributed to William of Ockham, a Franciscan friar and philosopher of the 14th century. (The correct spelling is actually Occam’s razor, even though William was of Ockham.)
Ockham’s razor has been written as
Entia non sunt multiplicanda praeter necessitatem which translates to “entities should not be multiplied unnecessarily”
Pluralitas non est ponenda sine necessitate which translates to “plurality should not be posited without necessity”
It has been interpreted as keep it simple, but a more accurate meaning is
Other things being equal, the simplest solution may be the best one.
The complexity of our world today is a contributing factor to the environmental problems humanity and the Earth are experiencing. If we lived simpler lives and consumed less, we could go some way to solving these problems.
I was wondering why it was a razor. Verdurous told me,
I believe the ‘razor’ part refers to shaving away layers of complexity until you arrive at the truth.